Intro to Wave Training For Olympic Weightlifting
Do you struggle with your warmup lifts looking like trash until you hit like 70%? Do your eyes glaze over when coach says something like, “your PVC pipe technique should look the same as your 90% technique.” Cool, it never does.
Brian Chambers is the owner and head coach of Big Bend Strength, an online resource for olympic weightlifting and strength training. Big Bend Strength has produced athletes at the state, national, and international level in weightlifting since 2017. In this piece, he gives you a primer on wave training for Olympic lifters. Learn why you need to manage your power output and how.
Check out his sample wave training sets at the end!
Power Output vs Weightlifting Technique
Raise your hand if you’ve ever had this thought during training:
“Yeah, my technique isn’t great right now, but it gets better when the weight gets heavier.”
You’re not alone, but that doesn’t mean it’s a good thing. This is actually a very common issue for beginner lifters. It’s often less about your technique being bad and more about mistaking power output for technical changes.
Your technique SHOULD be consistent from lighter reps to heavier reps. Your POWER OUTPUT, or “oomph” is what changes. Many times, newer lifters will alter their technique with lighter weights by cutting their pull short when they should be dialing back on their power output.
A great way to visualize this is to watch world champion lifters like Lasha Talakhadze. Lasha snatches 225kg/496lbs. That’s a hell of a lot of weight, but he still works on lighter (casual) sets at 70kg/155lbs while warming up to his big lifts.
If he were to snatch 70kg with the same “oomph” that he does with 225kg, then he’d throw the bar through the roof! He knows that he needs to restrain his power on lighter weights, but NOT change his technique.
Check out this video from Weightlifting House to see Lasha in action.
Modify Your Power Output With Wave Training
There are two ways to start feeling more intuitive about your power effort for each lift.
- Put in thousands of reps to learn what every single weight feels like and how hard you have to work at each weight.
- Implement wave training (while still doing #1).
Wave training is the practice of building up in weight, then back down, and back up again, for multiple “waves”.
Most lifters are accustomed to increasing weight across sets, but jumping back down in weight gives you more immediate feedback for your next set. It makes you aware if you’re not extending enough, if your timing is off, or you’re rushing the lift.
There are two main methods of wave training:
- Waves of both the reps and weight
- Waves of just the weight alone
Each method has its own purpose and benefits. While both are effective, make sure to use them in the right scenario depending on what needs work. Check out sample wave sessions for both methods below.
Method 1: Waving Reps & Weights
This method is great for those who can tolerate or need more volume in their training. It’s ideal for lighter percentages and more attention to detail on technique.
Snatch or C&J
3@70% , 2@75%, 1@80%
3@73%, 2@78%, 1@83%
3@75%, 2@80%, 1@85%
Method 2: Waving Weights Only
This method is more ideal when practicing consistency at higher percentages. Fatigue comes into play when you wave both weight AND reps, so use this version to feel comfortable at those heavier weights instead.
Snatch or C&J
1@80%, 1@85%, 1@90%
1@85%, 1@90%, 1@93%
1@90%, 1@93%, 1@95%
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Keep in mind that if you struggle to adapt your power output, waves will not be a magic-fixer-of-all. (Nothing ever is in weightlifting — if your technique has obvious holes, work on that first.) Waves will likely feel uncomfortable and very inconsistent at first, especially when moving back down in weight.
Stick with it for multiple waves and multiple weeks. You’ll start to see some dramatic improvements in the quality of your lighter reps, which will lead to improvements in heavier and PR weights.
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