4 Split Squat Variations for Godlike Glutes & Quads

Oct 17, 2022 | Exercise guides

Have a love/hate relationship with split squats? Adding a twist on this classic unilateral movement might be the challenge you need to break your plateau, level up your squatting game, and learn to love split squats a little more than you hate them.

Heather and Katie own Barpath Fitness, LLC; an LGBTQ+ friendly online training and remote
coaching business dedicated to helping people get strong as hell and live pain-free while
navigating the misinformation in the fitness industry.

Katie is a bodyweight master, practicing calisthenics and gymnastics movements after mastering Olympic lifts and competitive powerlifting. Heather is a 15-year fitness veteran and semi-retired competitive powerlifter who works in tech while maintaining her side gig as a fitness educator. Together they’ve come up with the four most powerful split squat moves to increase your gains, strength, and mobility.

Heather Hamilton 
Katie Kollath

The Importance of Variety

The split squat has commonly been called a stationary or static lunge, but it’s essentially a single-leg squat movement where the front leg takes the majority of the load. This unilateral movement challenges stability and balance while working the hip flexors, quads, glutes, hamstrings, and core.

The split squat is hard enough on its own, so why make it even harder? Adding some variety prevents adaptive resistance, which occurs when you’ve done an exercise so many times your body no longer responds to it.

Variations create a new stimulus, recruit new muscle fibers, and keep your gym sessions from getting stale and boring.

If you’re ready to take your split squats up a notch, try one (or all!) of these four variations that each offer their own set benefits and challenges.

Change the Way You Train

1. ATG / Knees Over Toes Split Squats

Why do it:

The ATG split squat will strengthen your quads, stretch your hip flexors, and keep all the connective tissue around your knee joint healthy. If you struggle with knee pain, practicing this movement will thicken up those weaker ligaments and tendons for healthier and more stable knees.

How to do it:

Set your feet just wide enough apart so that when you straighten out your back leg behind, it stays mostly straight. Push your front knee as far forward over your toes as possible. Your hamstring should be pushing into your calf muscle at the end range of movement.

Keep your front foot flat on the floor (or plate) as you push your knee over your toes. Focus on squeezing the glute on your back leg so you can maximize that back-leg hip flexor stretch.

If you don’t quite have the range of motion in the beginning, try elevating your front foot on a plate.

2. Front Rack Bulgarian Split Squat

Why do it:

Utilizing Bulgarian split squat variations allows you to really work the quads and glutes one leg at a time. There’s many ways to do them, but we love the front rack barbell setup the most. This position keeps the chest nice and upright, and utilizing the barbell allows you to really push the load on these split squats.

The front rack position also strengthens the upper back muscles as you have to stabilize the weight on your shoulders.

 

How to do it:

Secure the barbell in the front rack position and elevate the back foot on a box or a bench. Execute the movement by lowering the back knee down toward the floor. Make sure to keep your knee in line with your toes on your front leg as you lower. Drive the elbows up throughout the movement to maintain a stable front rack position.

Coach’s Tip: Up for a challenge? Try elevating your back leg – it allows you to work through a deeper range of motion.

3. Anchored Split Squat

Why do it:

If you’re looking for movement that will really crush your quads, then this is for you. This is also killer exercise if you don’t have access to a gym or any equipment. You can still get a great burn in your quads using just your body weight with this movement.

 

How to do it:

Start with your feet together and anchor one foot so that the opposite leg is bearing most of the load. To anchor the foot, lift the heel up so you’re on the ball of your foot. Perform a squat like you normally would.

The easiest way to add load on this variation is to hold a kettlebell or dumbbell across the chest in a goblet position. This creates a slight counterbalance that keeps the torso upright as you lower. Just make sure your hips are clearing parallel on each rep.

4. Isometric Split Squat Hold

Why do it:

Don’t sleep on isometric training! Isometrics can be a great way to add some novelty to your training. There’s a ton of evidence showing isometric benefits for strength and muscle gains.

This split squat variation is a solid choice especially if you train at home and are low on equipment. It’s also a great choice if you’re battling an injury or don’t want to stress the knee joints too much through concentric and eccentric muscle contractions.

How to do it:

Stagger your feet as you would a normal split squat on the floor and lower the back knee down so it hovers right above the floor. Hold for the allotted time.

We recommend programming a minimum of 30 seconds. You can load these by holding dumbbells or kettlebells by your sides or even holding a barbell in the front rack position.

These split squat variations challenge your single-leg stability, which in turn carries over into your back squat strength. You’ll also increase stability in the ligaments and joints surrounding your knees and ankles with these movements.

If you’re looking for a new way to challenge yourself, strengthen your knees, increase mobility, gain strength, or just switch things on leg day, give these a try during your next gym session.

Coach Katie Kollath

Barpath Fitness Bodyweight Basics - $50

Bodyweight Basics is a three-month full body program that aims to help you create a well-rounded physique and build on your strength with a measurable upper body and lower body goal. Master the push up and level up your split squats with this 12-week program.

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