It is important to gain an understanding of the different fitness components and their respective residual effects. Residual effects is essentially how long an adapted physiological response will stay with us in the absence of training.
In this article Jimmy goes over how to properly organize your workouts. This will help to optimize each workout routine you have while avoiding losing any gains while at home.
Jimmy Pritchard has a BSc in Exercise Science from Colorado Mesa University and is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist through the National Strength and Conditioning Association. He is the Director of Strength & Conditioning at Ski and Snowboard Club Vail. Contact him at 970-331-3513 or [email protected]. Check out his website www.pritchardperformance.com
// Maximize Your Residual Training Effects While the Gym is Closed
The recent global pandemic has put all gyms and health clubs at a stand-still for the foreseeable future.
While the circumstances are rather unfortunate, many people have taken it upon themselves to work out from home and tease through countless articles, videos, and social media content daily to get their latest in-home workouts.
I applaud those who continue to train through it all, as well as those who provide quality content to their viewers.
As a coach and content creator myself, I wrote an article for SkiRacing.com highlighting some simple fitness workouts anybody can do with zero equipment.
Although the recent spike in home workout content is an overwhelming positive, I believe most people could benefit from a greater understanding of what different types of training do and how your body reacts.
Not every workout is created equal, and the 30-minute burpees/squats routine will carry far different implications than a kettlebell complex series.
Understanding The 5 Fitness Components
Before we discuss detailed intricacies of individual workout programs, it is important to gain an understanding of the different fitness components and their respective residual training effects.
What I mean by residual training effects is essentially how long an adapted physiological response will stay with us in the absence of training.
To put this in simple terms or provide an example, imagine maximal strength.
If we’ve built enough strength to squat 400lbs for 1 repetition, we have a finite window of time that we will maintain that strength before it begins to decline in the absence of training.
Every physiological fitness component has a unique window of corresponding time that it will remain at or near its current level before it begins to decline.
This principal has been discussed and researched by seminal coaches over time including Anatoly Bondarchuk and Vladimir Issurin.
Each component is detailed below noted by the component, residual effect in days, and its characteristics.
5+/- 3 days
Neuromuscular and motor control, creatine phosphate recovery
15 +/-5 days
Slow twitch fiber hypertrophy, lactate tolerance
Anaerobic Glycolytic Endurance
18 +/-4 days
Anaerobic enzyme activity, buffering capacity, glycogen storage
30 +/-5 days
Mitochondria number, glycogen storage, muscle capillaries, fat oxidation rate
30 +/-5 days
Neural control, muscular hypertrophy
As you can see, each component is unique in that they all decline at different rates.
Qualities such as speed can rapidly decay within one week whereas aerobic endurance requires nearly a month to decline.
What Does this Mean For Your training?
You may be left wondering what exactly you can do about all of this from home despite now having a greater understanding of each fitness component.
If your typical gym routine included box jumps or other plyometric type work but now your home routine only includes sit-ups, pushups, and body weight squats you can quickly see that your maximal speed or power qualities will decline during that first week.
Depending on how long our global pandemic continues, you will also begin to see declines in your maximum strength from solely doing body weight workouts at home.
how to properly program your home Workouts
Obviously, it will be far from optimal to train from home and make significant performance gains but maintaining our hard-earned fitness qualities requires less work than most would imagine.
As a general rule of thumb I encourage people to jump and or sprint once to twice a week (power and speed), lift something heavy a minimum of once a week (strength), go for long walks daily (aerobic endurance), and do muscle burning (anaerobic glycolytic) and muscle building (hypertrophy and strength endurance) type work a minimum of every 7-10 days.
Doing these things will minimize the effect to which you lose gains while away from the gym.
Strength is by far the most difficult thing to maintain from home, as most of us do not have ample equipment to train with for appropriate loads.
Do the best you can by finding heavy objects in your home (i.e. flowerpots, chairs, backpack with books in it) and do some slow controlled reps with those.
Switching to unilateral strength work will likely be even more beneficial as the ‘heavyish’ in home objects will likely tax your strength levels to a greater proportion than bilateral work.
In trying times like these, it can be difficult to see the light at the end of the tunnel. Whatever you do, do not allow yourself or your fitness to fall by the wayside!
Set new goals for yourself and challenge yourself daily.
Try to set a new record on push-ups or single leg squats and build towards that.
Most of all, get adequate sleep, solid nutrition, and take care of your loved ones.
TAKE YOUR TRAINING
TO THE NEXT LEVEL
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